Berlin hides a green heart in the south, in the districts of Grunewald e Dahlem.
After the chaos and traffic of the central districts, you will feel like you have landed in another world, a rural and bucolic corner: rivers, small castles, ancient residential villas, paths through woods and gardens in a truly unique setting.
Il Dahlem museum complex it is one of the most important in Europe when it comes to foreign cultures.
Here you will find a simply magnificent ethno-cultural collection that houses a million pieces from all over the world: from African objects of worship to North American Indians, from boats of the South Pacific to collections of Maya, Inca and Aztecs to lacquers and Far Eastern porcelain.
Also in this interesting neighborhood you can visit museums dedicated to the Cold War period and German expressionism.
The Berlin botanical garden
Il Botanical Garden di Berlino, that is the botanical garden of the city, extends for over 40 hectares and houses plants of over 22.000 species. The garden was built between 1897 and 1910 based on the architect's project Adolf Engler, with the idea of allowing visitors to take long walks while remaining immersed in unspoiled nature and get to know exotic plants endemic to the German colonies.
To date, the Botanischer Garten is the most important botanical garden in Europe, and undoubtedly one of the most important in the world.
Il Botanical garden Berlin can be visited every day of the year, from 10:00 to 18:00. Contrary to what one might think, visiting it in winter is a truly fantastic experience, because in this period it is possible to discover the flora of warm climates, such as that of Africa, Australia and East Asia, as well as that of the tropics and that of the Mediterranean.
Inside the Botanischer Garten it is possible to take advantage of guides and audio guides, which help tourists to know and understand some species of plants still unknown in Europe.
The Berlin Botanical Garden is divided into three sectors:
- thearboretum, a park where you can see many plants that come from all over the world. and which houses the rose garden.
- il systematic department, which includes about 1500 plant species.
- il garden, which extends for about 3000 square meters, where it is possible to admire by touching and smelling the various species of plants, ideal for the blind and for the disabled.
within the Berlin botanical garden 16 pavilions can be explored which are geometrically exposed and located on the eastern edge of the park. They date back to the early 900s and originally offered visitors the opportunity to relax, study or even simply find shelter from the rain.
Over the years they have begun to host plants of all species, and today the most visited is the one dedicated to all species of tropical plants, called Serra Grande, or Tropenhaus in German. It was built in 1907, has a height of about 25 meters and an area of 1700 square meters, and its temperature is kept at 30 ° C, with the humidity always high.
Tropenhaus is one of the largest greenhouses in the world and represents an example of glass and steel architecture dating back to the XNUMXth century; its most prestigious specimen is the giant bamboo. The Cactus pavilion and Victoria pavilion, which houses a collection of orchids, carnivorous plants and giant water plants.
Museo del Botanical Garden
In 1879 the old man herbarium of the botanical garden in Berlin was moved to a separate building, in order to be able to exhibit all its objects to the public. The following year a botany exhibition was inaugurated, to allow relatively inexperienced visitors to begin to learn about the subject. From this preamble was born in the years following the Botanical Museum, connected to the Botanischer Garten, which contains models of floral biology and funeral furnishings from ancient Egypt, which were placed in the tombs of the Pharaohs.
Inside you can also admire enlargements of the internal structures of plants and their microstructures, display boards and graphs showing the trend of the diffusion of the various species, and even the use that can be made of plants.
Berlin Museum of Ethnography
Il Folklore Museum (museum of ethnography) in Berlin is one of the most valuable in the world and boasts collections from all continents. Numerous treasures of art and craftsmanship: the throne of Sultan Njoya, the pre-Columbian sculptures, the gold of Central America, the canoes of the South Seas, the weapons and religious objects of Oceania and Indian fabrics. Inside the museum there is also a space dedicated to children and the blind.
Indian art museum
The Indian art museum displays over 1500 pieces from all over Central Asia, especially India, Tibet, Nepal and Indonesia. Among the most valuable pieces in the collection are XNUMXth century frescoes depicting the figure of Buddha and the treasures of Turfan, the oasis crossroads of the caravans of China, Iran and India.
Far Eastern Art Museum
In the Far Eastern art museum you can admire precious and ancient Chinese, Korean and Japanese porcelain and some of them date back to 4000 years ago. Also there are wonderful collections of statues and prints.
Museum of European Cultures
Il Museum of European Cultures (Museum of European Cultures) was born from the union of the former museum of German folk arts and the European collection of the museum of ethnography. In the museum there are two collections: the first is dedicated to the image in European cultures, from painting to lithography, from illustrations to television, and the other concerns the image in foreign religions and cultures.
Il Allied Museum it does not belong to the Dahlem complex, but is located on the border with Zehlenorf, in the former American sector of the city. The museum was inaugurated in 1998, fifty years after the first Berlin airlift, and is the testimony of the presence of the Allies in Berlin between 1945 and 1994.
Among the most significant pieces of the permanent mstra are the Checkpoint Charlie watchtower and a piece of the Berlin Wall, a British Hastings plane used during the Berlin Blockade and a French rail car. In addition, the collection is complemented by donations from veterans presenting the military and daily life of that significant period.
Il Museo Brucke it is located just outside the Dahlem complex, in the Grunewald Forest and is dedicated to the Die Brucke movement (1905-1913) which was at the origin of German expressionism. The museum was created by some architects, such as Kirchner and Heckel, and boasts very interesting paintings and sculptures.